Tanzania Safari Circuits

Tanzania Safari Circuits, Tanzania Holiday Circuits

SAFARI CIRCUITS
The country’s so called tourist circuits were established largely due to the size of Tanzania the distances and the travel costs and times. To cover two or three circuits on one safari is not only possible but also frequently done. Flying is the easiest way to move from one circuit to another. There are many air operators who offer a network of scheduled flights between the circuits. These same operators also offer charter flights.

The Northern circuit
The northern circuit is the most frequented by tourist for two reasons most of the destinations are fairly close to each other and many of Tanzania’s most famous sights, such as Ngorongoro crater the Serengeti and mt Kilimanjaro are all a part of this circuit. Due to the fact that all the park town and attractions are within easy reach of one another, one can tour the entire circuit by vehicle with only a couple of hours in between destinations

The Southern Circuit
The national parks and game reserves of the southern circuit are arguably the hidden treasures of Tanzania’s authentic Africa. These parks are enormous with some of the highest concentrations of animals anywhere in Africa and particular diversity of wildlife including roan antelope cape hunting dogs and a multitude of colorful birdlife. The lodges and camps of the south are small and intimate with no more that 30 rooms or tents at the very most. This means there are far fewer tourists in the south compared to the north and allows the areas to hold true to the tenets of eco-tourism. the travel times between parks in the south can be visited independently or as a circuit combining various parks into one package can be arranged using scheduled air services or as road safaris using 4x4 vehicles

The Western Circuit
Lying in the Great Rift Valley are the inland lakes, Lake Victoria and Lake Tanganyika. All three national parks in the circuit offer the only safe opportunities to see chimpanzees in the wild today. The habitats of these areas are a merger between western Africa and East Africa therefore the cultures, rainfall and flora are unique to this small area. The western circuit is seldom experienced on its own but is more often an addition to either the southern or northern circuits or both. The western circuit is so remote that travel by both aircraft and boat is necessary in order to experience this lovely side of Tanzania

The Coastal Circuit
One of the great attractions of Tanzania is its fantastic 800km coastline with palm fringed beaches of white sand and the historic towns of Dar es salaam, Bagamoyo, Kilwa, Lindi, Mikindani and Mtwara, along with the exotic islands of Zanzibar, Pemba and Mafia.Swahili language and culture trace their roots to the Indian ocean coastline. Many explorers and slave traders encountered Africa for the first time along this history – steeped coastline and contributed to the events that were to define modern Tanzania.the islands of the Zanzibar Archipelago became principal stepping stones for the culture that was to mould Tanzania people to their language.

Tanzania Holidays

Safaris in Tanzania, Adventure Travel in East Africa

Introduction to Tanzania, Tanzania Safaris in Africa, Tanzania Tours in East Africa

Geography

The country is situated just south of the Equator bordering the Indian Ocean and is 930,704 sq. km. in area. Of this, inland waters cover 53,000-sq. km. and 247,537-sq. km. is devoted to the protection of wildlife. Most of the land area of the country falls within the central plateau region, although the most distinctive feature is the Great Rift Valley with its associated series of lakes from Nyasa in the south, to Tanganyika in the west and Victoria in the north. Volcanic activity is common throughout the Rift Valley area. The coastline comprises long tropical beaches and the major offshore islands of Zanzibar, Mafia and Pemba. The population presently occupying Tanzania is about 30,3 million. Approximately 3,2 people per square kilometre.

History

If the cultural and historical aspects of Tanzania are what hold your interest, there is no better place to start than the capital, Dar es Salaam, which means 'haven of peace' in Arabic. A whole tapestry of history is played out in the architecture and streets of this city with fantastic mosques, traditional and busy Indian bazaars. For an insight into present lifestyles, which still follow a tradition as old as Africa itself, visit the Kariakoo Market where every variety of vegetable, fish and livestock is on sale, along with a fascinating range of traditional medicines and spices. An even better window is the Nyumba ya Sanaa, a local handicraft centre where you can buy anything in the line of painting, pottery, carvings or batlik fabric designs.

Just north of Dar es Salaam is the former capital of the country, Bagamayo. The name is said to be derived from the cry of slaves brought here for sale and transport, and means 'Here I lay down my heart'. The sombre history of this once great city is evidenced by the remnants of the slave trade - shackle rings, cell-like stone pits in which the slaves were kept and the rare examples of freedom certificates.

On a more optimistic note, this was also the starting point for many of history's most famous explorers. David Livingstone is especially well remembered here in the museum collection at the Catholic Mission, but Burton and Speke also passed through this city and Stanley's own house still stands here as a monument to those great adventurers.

Climate

The climate is warm and humid in coastal regions with temperatures ranging between 24-28 degrees centigrade. October to mid-March is the hottest period and June to September, the coolest. The rainy season is from mid-March to the end of June.

Attractions

Tanzania boasts in having Mount Kilimanjaro which is Africa’s highest peak. The coastline is 800km where islands are lush with palm fringed white beaches washed by the turquoise water on the Indian Ocean. Tanzania contains three of Africa's best-known lakes—Victoria in the north, Tanganyika in the west, and Nyasa in the south. The island of Zanzibar is separated from the mainland by a 22-mile channel. The Great Rift Valley also passes through Tanzania. The country has reknowed national parks in the world especially the Serengeti National Park which was named together with the Maasai Mara game reserve as the new 7th wonder of the world with its wildebeest migrations. The annual migration into Kenya (in a continuous search of water and pasture) of more than 1.5 million wildebeest and hundreds of thousands of zebra and gazelle is triggered by the rains and usually starts in May, at the end of the wet season. Called the Great Migration, this constitutes the most breathtaking event in the animal kingdom ever known to humans. As the dry season intensifies, the herds drift out towards the west, one group to the north (to Lake Victoria, where there is permanent water), the other northeast heading for the permanent waters of the northern rivers and the Mara. The immigration instinct is so strong that animals die in the rivers as they dive from the banks into the raging waters to be dispatched by crocodiles. The survivors concentrate in Kenya's Maasai Mara National Reserve until the grazing there is exhausted, when they turn south along the eastern and final stage of the migration route. The migration coincides with the breeding season, which causes fights among the males. The best months to visit to witness this great migration are December to February and May to July.

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